Question: What are carbohydrates? Differentiate between its types.
Ans: Carbohydrates are organic compounds made up of Carbon, Hydrogen and Oxygen. Carbohydrates are a major source of energy
Carbohydrates: monosaccharide, disaccharides and polysaccharides
Simple sugars (mono and disaccharides) are found in fruits (sucrose, glucose and fructose), milk (lactose) and sweets that are produced commercially and added to foods to sweeten, prevent spoilage, or improve structure and texture.
Polysaccharides are more than two units of monosaccharide joined together. These are Starches and fibre (cellulose). These are also called complex sugars and are found in whole grain cereals, rice, oats, potatoes, bread, legumes, corn and flour.